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Care for Menstrual Disorders at University of Colorado Hospital

Why Choose Treatment for Menstrual Disorders at University of Colorado Hospital?

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Women who choose University of Colorado Hospital Women's Health Program are seen by a board certified gynecologist who is experienced in the latest diagnosis and treatment methods based on the most current research.

Our program offers a wide variety of treatment options including advanced technologies such as fluid ultrasound, hysteroscopy and minimally invasive gynecological surgery.

What are Menstrual Disorders?

Menstrual disorders are abnormal changes or timing related to a woman's menstrual period including:

  • Amenorrhea – Missed periods
  • Menorrhagea – Very heavy and/or long periods
  • Infertility

Menstrual disorders can have many causes. Some common causes include:

  • Menopause
  • Anovulation – When the ovaries do not release an egg.
  • Fibroids – Benign (non-cancerous) tumors in the uterus.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – When the ovaries produce excessive male hormones that cause enlarged ovaries full of tiny cysts.
  • Uterine Disorders
  • Uterine Cancer

There are effective treatments for menstrual disorders. It is important to find out what is causing these problems as they can cause difficulty getting pregnant or can be a sign of another disease or disorder.


Urine Test. Quickly determines if you are pregnant or if you have an infection.


Blood Test. Checks for abnormal hormone levels.


Pap Smear. A test that scrapes cells from the surface of the cervix (the lower, narrow part of the uterus) to check for cervical dysplasia or cervical cancer.


Biopsy. Removes a small amount of the tissue from the uterus. A pathologist examines the tissue under a microscope to check for cancer. This is done in an office procedure that does not require anesthesia.


Pelvic Ultrasound. A machine that uses high-energy sound waves to produce an image of the cervix, ovaries and uterus to check for abnormalities.


Hysteroscopy. A thin, lighted, flexible tube (hysteroscope) is inserted into the vagina and gives a magnified picture of the cervix, ovaries and uterus to check for abnormalities.


Fluid Contrast Ultrasound. Fluid is injected through the vagina and cervix and into the uterus. An ultrasound is then used to look at the lining of the uterus.


Birth Control Pills. Medication that uses hormones to control a woman's menstrual cycle.  Birth control pills can help with irregular menstrual periods, polycystic ovarian syndrome and endometriosis.


Laparoscopy. Minimally invasive surgery that uses a lighted instrument, called a laparoscope, to view cysts on the ovaries. It is inserted through a small incision into the abdomen. If necessary, located cysts can be removed. You may be put to sleep or given epidural anesthesia (a type of anesthesia that blocks all pain below the belly button) for this procedure.


Hysterectomy. A surgery that removes the uterus and sometimes the ovaries. A hysterectomy is always a last resort in severe cases when other treatment methods have failed.


Other treatments may be available depending on the diagnosis.

Patient Education

Living with a Menstrual Disorder

Sometimes symptoms from menstrual disorders are mild, but they can also cause severe physical problems that can prevent a woman from daily activities like work and school. Certain menstrual disorders can also affect a woman's ability to get pregnant.


The most common sign of a menstrual disorder is an abnormal menstrual period such as:

  • Missed periods
  • Extremely heavy bleeding
  • Periods that last longer than seven days

Abnormal or irregular periods may be temporary and are not always a disorder. Often a natural change in the body such as menopause or pregnancy is causing the change. When symptoms are severe and interfering with daily activities, you should see a doctor. Your symptoms may be a sign of a disease or disorder that needs to be treated.


Getting a Second Opinion about a Menstrual Disorder

Menstrual disorders can affect your daily life, affect your ability to get pregnant or be a sign of another disease so it is important you receive a complete evaluation. University of Colorado Hospital is happy to offer a second opinion and to work with you if you choose to come to our hospital for treatment.