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Care and Treatment for Urinary Tract Infections

Why Choose Treatment for Urinary Tract Infections at University of Colorado Hospital?

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The Urology and Urodynamics Clinic at University of Colorado Hospital is recognized nationally for its care. Our doctors have training in caring for a variety of urologic conditions, including urinary tract infections.

We offer our patients access to the latest research and testing and treatment options.

What is a Urinary Tract Infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection anywhere in the urinary tract. This includes the bladder, kidneys, ureters and urethra. Bacteria that get into the urinary tract can cause inflammation and infection.

Women, elderly people and people with diabetes are more likely to get a urinary tract infection.

The symptoms of a UTI can include:

  • Cloudy urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Frequent urination
  • The need to urinate at night
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Pressure in the pelvic area

Additional risk factors for developing a UTI include:

  • Kidney stones
  • Narrowed urethra
  • Dehydration or not drinking enough fluids
  • Bowel incontinence
  • Catheterization
  • Menopause
  • Pregnancy
  • Inflamed or enlarged prostate
  • Sexual intercourse

Tests & Treatments

Tests for Urinary Tract Infections

Several tests can be done from a urine sample.


Urinalysis. Urine is tested for various compounds, like nitrates, blood, bacteria and crystallized minerals.


Urine culture or catheterized urine specimen. The test can determine the type of bacteria in the urine. This helps determine the appropriate antibiotic for treatment.


Treatments for Urinary Tract Infections


Antibiotics. Antibiotics can cure the infection and prevent it from spreading to the kidneys.


Surgery. Surgery may be recommended if a physical abnormality is causing chronic urinary tract infections.