There is no known cure for Ménière's disease. However, lifestyle changes and some treatments can help relieve symptoms.
Your doctor may suggest ways to reduce the amount of fluid in your body. This can often help control symptoms.
- Water pills (diuretics) may help relieve fluid pressure in the inner ear
- A low-salt diet may also help
To help ease symptoms and stay safe:
- Avoid sudden movements, which may worsen symptoms. You may need help walking during attacks.
- Avoid bright lights, TV, and reading during attacks. They can make symptoms worse.
- Do not drive, operate heavy machinery, or climb until 1 week after your symptoms disappear. A sudden dizzy spell during these activities can be dangerous.
- Remain still and rest when you have symptoms.
- Gradually increase your activity after attacks.
Symptoms of Ménière's disease can cause stress. Make healthy lifestyle choices to help you cope:
- Eat a well-balanced, healthy diet. Don't overeat.
- Exercise regularly, if possible.
- Get enough sleep.
- Limit caffeine and alcohol.
Help ease stress by using relaxation techniques, such as:
- Guided imagery
- Progressive muscle relaxation
- Tai chi
Your health care provider may prescribe:
- Antinausea medicines to relieve nausea and vomiting
- Diazepam (Valium) or motion sickness medicines, such as meclizine (Antivert, Bonine, Dramamine) to relieve dizziness and vertigo
You may need ear surgery if your symptoms are severe and do not respond to other treatments.
- Surgery to cut the vestibular nerve helps control vertigo. It does not damage hearing.
- Injecting steroids or an antibiotic called gentamicin directly into the middle ear can help control vertigo.
- Removing part of the inner ear (labyrinthectomy) helps treat vertigo. This causes complete hearing loss.
Hearing aids may be needed for severe hearing loss.