Treatment includes replacing the missing clotting factor. You will receive factor IX concentrates. How much you get depends on:
- Severity of bleeding
- Site of bleeding
- Your weight and height
Mild hemophilia may be treated with desmopressin (DDAVP), which helps the body release factor VIII that is stored within the lining of blood vessels.
To prevent a bleeding crisis, people with hemophilia and their families can be taught to give factor VIII concentrates at home at the first signs of bleeding. People with severe forms of the disease may need regular preventive treatment.
Depending on the severity of the disease, DDAVP or factor VIII concentrate may be given before having dental extractions or surgery in order to prevent bleeding.
You should get the hepatitis B vaccine. People with hemophilia are more likely to get hepatitis because they may receive blood products. Patients who develop an inhibitor to factor VIII may require treatment with other clotting factors such as factor VIIa, which can help with clotting, even without any factor VIII.