Menopause Care and Treatment
Why Choose Treatment for Menopause at University of Colorado Hospital?
University of Colorado Hospital is home to some of the most respected obstetric and gynecology physicians in the country. Whether you need an annual exam, are expecting a baby or have a complex problem, we have a doctor with the training and expertise to treat you effectively.
University of Colorado Hospital has been ranked 21st in the nation by U.S.News & World Report for our gynecology services.
What is Menopause?
Menopause is a time in a woman's life when her menstrual period stops permanently because her ovaries stop releasing eggs and producing hormones.
Two Menopause Stages
- Perimenopause is the beginning of menopause when a woman's hormone levels change and menstrual periods become irregular. This usually occurs sometime after the age of 45.
- Menopause is the point when a woman has her last menstrual period. After one year without a menstrual period a woman is considered in menopause. This usually occurs sometime after the age of 50.
Menopause is not a disorder and does not always require treatment. However, menopause treatments are available for women who have severe symptoms.
Living with Menopause
Menopause is a natural part of life for women. Signs that menopause is beginning include:
- Hot Flashes – sudden onset of feeling extremely hot and uncomfortable
- Irregular periods
- Breast tenderness
- Intense Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
- Extreme tiredness
- Decreased sex drive
If symptoms are severe, you should talk with your doctor about menopause treatment options.
Women in menopause also have a high risk of developing osteoporosis (low bone mass) and may need to take a calcium supplement and follow recommended diet and exercise plan to reduce this risk. They also have an increased risk of developing colon cancer and breast cancer, so should have a yearly colonoscopy (checks for colon cancer) and mammogram (checks for breast cancer).
Getting a Second Opinion about Menopause
If you are experiencing severe menopause-related symptoms it is important you feel comfortable with your doctor and treatment plan. University of Colorado Hospital is happy to offer a second opinion and to work with you if you choose to come to our hospital for treatment.
Menopause Tests and Treatments
Used to check hormone levels and help determine if you are experiencing perimenopause (the first stages of menopause).
Hormone Replacement Therapy. A treatment that uses the hormones estrogen and progestin to replace the hormones your body is no longer producing due to menopause. Hormone replacement therapy methods include:
- Pills – taken on a schedule to maintain hormone levels.
- Skin Patch – continuously releases hormones through the skin.
- Intrauterine Device (IUD) – releases low levels of hormone through a device placed in the uterus.
Calcium Supplements. Often women in menopause are at risk of developing osteoporosis (bone loss). Calcium supplements may be needed to help prevent bone loss.
Lifestyle Changes. Following a healthy diet and exercise plan can help reduce the symptoms related to menopause and improves your overall general health.