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Cervical Dysplasia Care at University of Colorado Hospital

Why Choose Treatment for Cervical Dysplasia at University of Colorado Hospital?

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The University of Colorado Hospital Women's Health Progam has three full-time doctors who specialize in treating cervical dysplasia. Women who choose our program have access to the most advanced methods and technologies for treatment that can prevent cervical dysplasia from becoming cancerous.

What is Cervical Dysplasia?

Cervical dysplasia is the growth of abnormal cells in the surface tissue of a woman's cervix (the lower, narrow part of the uterus). Cervical dysplasia can be mild to severe depending on the amount of abnormal cells.

Cervical dysplasia is not cancer, but is considered a pre-cancerous condition. Treatments are available to remove the abnormal cells and help prevent the condition from becoming cancerous. If the condition is not detected or left untreated it can lead to cervical cancer.

Women aged 25 through 35 are most at risk for developing cervical dysplasia. Risk factors include:

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Sexual activity before age 18
  • Having had a sexually transmitted disease such as Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), genital warts or HIV
  • Giving birth before age 16

Tests & Treatments

Tests

 

Pap Smear. A test that examines cells scraped from the surface of the cervix (the lower, narrow part of the uterus). This test is performed by inserting an instrument into the vagina and gently scraping the outside of the cervix to collect tissue. The tissue is placed on a glass slide and sent to a lab for examination of the cells.

 

Colposcopy. A test that allows your doctor to look at the cervix through a lighted magnifying instrument called a colposcope. The colposcope can also collect small biopsies (cell samples) to be examined under a microscope.

 

Treatments

 

Cryotherapy. A procedure that destroys abnormal tissue through freezing. A special instrument places liquid on the cervix, which freezes and destroys the abnormal tissue.

 

Laser Therapy. A procedure that uses beams of light to destroy abnormal tissue. The laser light is used on the cervix destroy the areas abnormal tissue without damaging the surrounding healthy tissue.

 

Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP). A procedure that uses a small, low-voltage electrical wire loop to cut out abnormal tissue on the cervix.

 

Gardasil. A vaccination that can be given to pre-adolescents, adolescents and young women that guards against Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and helps to prevent cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer. This vaccine is offered only to our patients. It is not available on a walk-in basis.

 

Patient Education

Living with Cervical Dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia can lead to cervical cancer if left undetected or untreated. Often there are no visible symptoms, so early detection through a yearly Pap smear is very important. Women 18 and older, or adolescents who are sexually active, should receive a yearly Pap smear to detect any abnormal cells.

 

Women aged 25 through 35 are most at risk for developing cervical dysplasia. Risk factors include:

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Sexual activity before age 18
  • Having had a sexually transmitted disease such as Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), genital warts or HIV
  • Giving birth before age 16

 

If you are diagnosed with cervical dysplasia, consider one of the treatments (see heading above) that can remove the abnormal cells and help prevent cervical cancer. Once abnormal cells are removed, the cervical dysplasia may or may not recur, so it is important to follow the doctor's guidelines regarding sexual practices and continue yearly Pap smear exams.

 

Getting a Second Opinion about Cervical Dysplasia

Treatment of cervical dysplasia is important to prevent cervical cancer. It is important you are confident your condition will be treated successfully, with sensitivity and confidentiality. University of Colorado Hospital is happy to offer a second opinion and to work with you if you choose to come to our hospital for treatment.